Foundation Stage

Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum summary

This curriculum overview gives a summary of the skills taught and learning focuses for particular areas of learning in F1 (nursery) and F2 ( reception).


Communication and Language


Communication and language is at the core of everything we do throughout the foundation stage. A high level of skill enables the children to access a variety of learning and demonstrate their understanding.


We encourage good speaking and listening skills throughout FS1 and FS2. This includes taking turns in speaking during large and small group times, joining in with familiar songs and rhymes, listening to responses, forming and asking questions and expressing their own needs effectively.


Early learning Goal

We aim that at the end of FS2 most children will be able to:

Listen attentively.

Respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions.

Give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately.

Follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.

Answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions.

Use past, present and future forms accurately when talking.

Express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs.


Personal, social and Emotional Development


We aim to develop the whole child throughout the foundation stage.


On a personal level we focus on the child’s independence including all self care skills including toileting and getting dressed. On a social level we aim for all children to develop positive relationships with both peers and adults enabling them to work co-operatively as part of a class/group. On an emotional level we want them to feel happy, confident and secure as this is essential for good learning.


Early Learning Goal

We aim that at the end of FS2 most children will be able to:

Play co-operatively, taking turns with others.

Show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings.

Form positive relationships with adults and other children.

Try new activities with confidence.

Speak confidently in a familiar group.

Say when they do or don’t need help.

Talk about how they and others show feelings.

Talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable.

Work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow the rules.

Adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.

Physical Development


We plan activities in our Foundation stage settings that develop both fine and gross motor skills. These include riding bikes, climbing and balancing activities, scissor skills, drawing and painting, ball and team games promoting good co-ordination and an awareness of keeping healthy.


Early Learning Goal

We aim that at the end of FS2 most children will be able to:


Show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements.

Move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space.

Handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

Know the importance for good health of physical exercise, and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe.

Manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.



Our foundation stage settings reflect the importance of literacy by demonstrating a language rich environment. All children take part in daily phonics sessions from the start of FS1. The development of phonics skills gives the child an effective tool to read and write independently as they progress through their education.


Children are given opportunities to develop a love for books and write independently. The children will read and hear a wide variety of fiction, non fiction and poetry. The children have the opportunity to visit our ‘in school’ library to further their love of free reading.


Children will write for different purposes and use a variety of media to write with including, laptops, net books, interactive white boards, paper, chalk boards, white boards and the outside walls and floor!


Early Learning Goal

We aim that at the end of FS2 most children will be able to:

Read and understand simple sentences.

Use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately and write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.

Read some and spell common irregular words i.e. the, he, was, she

Demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read.

Write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others.




We believe that maths should be taught practically and in a way that enables the child to apply it in a real life context. In FS1 we focus on children being able to count to recognise and order numbers to 10. This progresses in FS2 to adding single digit numbers together, taking numbers away from each other and writing number sentences.


We also teach lots of shape, space and measure skills in a practical way. This includes recognising 2D and 3D shape, experimenting with capacity, using size and positional language confidently.


Early Learning Goal

We aim that at the end of FS2 most children will be able to:

Count reliably with numbers from one to 20 and place them in order.

Say which number is one more or one less than a given number.

Add and subtract two single-digit numbers.

Count on or back to find the answer.

Solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.

Use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time.

Recognise, create and describe patterns.

Talk about everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.

Understanding the World


Understanding the world is a culmination of History, Geography, Technology, Science and Religion. We aim to start the learning with the child’s understanding of their own personal history, geography and family i.e. where they live, who is in their family and being able to talk about who they are. We extend this learning by beginning to look at other cultures and comparing with our own story and experiences.


Technology features highly in the foundation stage as children are expected to use a wide range of different technologies including, net books, interactive white boards, cameras, phones, bee bots, and PC’s.


Early Learning Goal

We aim that at the end of FS2 most children will be able to:

Talk about their own lives and those of family members.

Know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things and are sensitive to this.

Know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.

Know about similarities and differences relating to places, objects, materials and living things.

Talk about different environments.

Make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.

Recognise and use a range of technology.

Expressive Arts and Design


We aim to develop a creative and imaginative child. We encourage self expression through using music, art, dance and drama. The children are reassured that their creations are valued because of the process and skills used rather than the appearance of the final product.


Early Learning Goal

We aim that at the end of FS2 most children will be able to:

Sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them.

Safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes.

Represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role play and stories.