Year 1 Curriculum Coverage


Subject: English

In Year 1 the children develop their reading, writing and speaking and listening skills through daily English and Phonics lessons. We follow the Letters and Sounds Phonics programme in school and the children are taught in Phase groups. We also provide opportunities for children to develop their skills through continuous provision.

We use a variety of texts including big books, poetry and electronic texts. We also use story maps with actions to retell familiar stories.

English, Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling (EGPS)

The children learn about basic grammar such as nouns, adjectives and verbs  and how to use them in their writing. They also learn to spell high frequency words and use their phonic knowledge, which is taught in discreet daily phonic lessons, to spell other words. Also they are taught to use correct punctuation.


The children read individually and in small group guided reading sessions. They are encouraged to discuss and answer questions about their reading.  The children are given opportunities to read a range of fiction and non-fiction books. Word recognition skills are developed to encourage fluency.  

How you can support your child’s reading: read regularly to your child and encourage them to read to you everyday.  Ask your child questions about the book they have read, for example, Who was your favourite character? Can you tell me what has happened so far? What do you think will happen next?


We teach the children to write in sentences using capital letters, full stops and finger spaces. We also introduce using question marks and exclamation marks. As they become more confident we encourage the children to use ‘and’ to join two short sentences. We also introduce using adjectives to make their sentences more interesting. We write traditional stories such as The Enormous Turnip and The Three Little Pigs and in the Summer term use our story telling skills to change and write our own versions. We also look at and learn to write poetry and non-fiction texts. We say and write recounts and instructions.

Useful websites to help your child develop their skills and understanding:




This link is for a website where you can hear the sounds being made. The sounds are in the order that we teach them.


Phonics games (some free, some subscription only).

Subject: Maths

Maths is taught in Year 1 on a daily basis. The lessons extend existing understanding and skills and introduce new concepts through out the year. The key learning objectives below are revisited regularly through out the year.

Number and Place Value

This area includes counting to 100 and beyond, reading and writing numbers, place value, ordering numbers, 1 more 1 less, 10 more 10 less, counting on and back in 1s, 2s (0-24), 5s (0-60) and 10s (0-120), odd and even numbers, number sequences. Children also learn to write numbers 0 – 20 as words.

Addition and Subtraction

The children develop their addition and subtraction skills extending to working with 2-digit numbers and word problems. They find and learn number bonds to 10 and 20 and use them to find related subtraction facts for example 5+5=10 so 10-5=5

The children develop their understanding of the different vocabulary for each operation for example:

addition – add, total, altogether

subtraction – take away, subtract, less

Multiplication and Division

Through grouping and sharing small quantities, the children begin to understand: multiplication and division and doubling and halving numbers. They count in twos, fives and tens.


The children develop their understanding of halves and quarters. They learn to

recognise, find and name a half and a quarter of an object, shape and number.


This area includes: time (reading analogue clocks to the hour and half past and drawing the hands on clocks to show hour and half past times), using simple measuring equipment to measure and compare time, length and height, weight (mass) and  capacity, moving towards measuring and recording using standard units of measurement for example seconds, minutes, hours, cm, m, g, kg, ml, l.

Children are taught to recognise and know the value of coins and notes, sequence events in time order using language such as next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening. They learn to recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years.

Geometry – Properties of shapes

The children recognise and name 2D and 3D shapes and talk about their properties.

Geometry – Position and Direction

Children describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three quarter turns.

Through problem solving lessons and role play the children are also challenged to apply their skills to real life problems such as money for example paying and giving change.

Useful websites to help your child develop their skills and understanding:



Subject: Science

In Science we learn about seasonal changes, different materials and their properties, plants and growing and animal groups including mammals, reptiles, fish and birds.

These topics are taught through our half termly Learning Challenges. Science is taught in a practical way with children carrying out investigations and field work. The investigations help the children to begin to understand how to carry out fair tests. Activities to reinforce this learning are also planned into our Continuous Provision areas.

We use educational visits to support our Science learning.

Subject: History

Through our Learning Challenges we look at changes within living memory such as changes to seaside holidays. We look at famous events and famous people beyond living memory for example The Gunpowder Plot and Remembrance Day.

Year 1 children are encouraged to ask questions and find out things about the past.

Subject: Geography

In Year 1 Geography is taught within our Learning Challenge topics. Children in Year 1 for example learn about where our food comes from and the Seaside. They begin to develop their understanding of cultural diversity and what other places are like.

The children learn to use maps and identify countries of the UK, areas of land, sea and oceans.

Subject: Computing

In ICT we aim to develop the children’s confidence using computers and other ICT medium. The children learn to correctly start up and log on to the school network and how to correctly shut down a computer. The children also develop their typing skills and are introduced to opening and saving documents.

Through our ICT lessons the children also learn how everyday objects are controlled by a series of commands called algorithms. Alongside computers the children use digital microphones to record and playback their recordings and digital cameras to capture images.

Subject: R.E.

In Year 1 we follow the Sheffield R.E. Agreed Syllabus which includes learning about which groups we belong to, why people go to church (including a church visit), Old Testament Bible stories and celebrating important festivals and customs. They develop their knowledge and understanding of Christianity and other religions such as Judaism and Islam. Children are given time for personal reflection and spiritual development through listening to stories and asking questions.

Subject: P.S.H.E. and Citizenship

Personal, social and health education (PSHE) develops children’s knowledge, skills and understanding about leading confident, healthy and independent lives.  In Year 1 we follow the Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning scheme (SEAL) where children learn about rules, feelings, developing self esteem and getting on with others. They learn through stories, role play, discussion and during assemblies. The children learn about keeping healthy and safe for example through topics on road safety, sun safety and medicines. The children are also encouraged to think about wider issues such as recycling and Fair Trade through circle time discussions.

Subject: P.E.

In Year 1 we encourage the children to be active through a range of physical activities including; movement and dance, gymnastics, games and athletics. In dance the children explore stories and other themes linked to our learning and create sequences of movement to a variety of types of music. Through games lesson they practise and improve their throwing and catching skills and use these skills to play small group games. In gymnastics the children develop their balancing and travelling skills through floor work and using small apparatus equipment.

P.E. lessons are taught both inside (and weather permitting) outside. In the Summer months, during outdoor P.E., we aim to develop the children’s athletic skills through a jumping, skipping and throwing activities.

Subject: Art and Design

The children experience a wide range of skills and different ways of expressing themselves. Art at this level is about developing skills and going through an artistic process rather than the final outcome.The children have the opportunity to make observational drawings and work imaginatively using a wide variety of art and craft materials such as paint, pastels, pencil, play dough and collage etc. They do this in taught sessions and also through our creative area. We also teach colour mixing to enable children to mix their own colours when using paint. The children are encouraged to find out and use the ideas from famous artists in their creations.

Subject: Design and Technology

In Design and Technology we teach new techniques and skills through projects that link into our Learning Challenges. The children learn to join materials for example model making and den building and basic sewing skills through puppet making. They follow simple recipes to make and cook different foods and follow hygiene and food preparation rules.

The children are also given lots of opportunities to work independently, imaginatively and put their skills into practice in our creative area.

Subject: Music

Year 1 children take part in a weekly music lessons. They  learn to sing a variety of enjoyable songs and learn about making different sounds and warming up their bodies ready to sing. The children also have opportunities to perform learnt songs to an audience and sing well-known songs with their class teacher. We also use simple percussion instruments as accompaniments to songs or pieces of music.